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    Optimize Your Refinery’s Hydrodesulfurization Activity

    Dimethyl Sulfide (DMS) and TBPS 454 are sulfiding agents that are used to transform metal oxide species to a metallic sulfide crystalline phase in situ for hydrotreating catalysts. Below are the advantages of each grade: 

     

 
TBPS 454 is a sulfiding agent,  used  to transform metal oxide species to a metallic sulfide crystalline phase in situ for hydrotreating catalysts. For in situ sulfiding, the reaction is performed inside the process unit for complete control and to achieve maximum catalyst activity and safe handling. Below are the advantages:
 
  • TBPS 454 is not classified as a flammable material and has a low toxicity rating.
  • TBPS 454 has a diesel-like odor, a more friendly and common smell for refineries.
  • TBPS 454 starts to convert to H2S at the lowest temperature compared to other sulfiding agents, lowering the risk of reduction of metals and potentially lessening the time of the sulfiding operation.
  • The hydrocarbon byproduct during a sulfiding operation for TBPS 454 is isobutane, which does not have the potential to dilute hydrogen in the recycle gas during a sulfiding operation.
     

Dimethyl Sulfide (DMS) is a presulfiding agent for steam cracking, the process that turns hydrocarbons into ethylene and propylene, which is used for olefin-based products. DMS is added to the feedstock to reduce coke and carbon monoxide formation during the high temperature thermal cracking of hydrocarbons in the tubular reactors. Below are the advantages:
 
  • DMS directly and completely decomposes to H2S at 1470°F (although some trace CS2 may remain), suitable for furnace operating temperatures.
  • DMS usually requires only one injection point in the charge gas as DMS will disperse fairly well throughout the furnace system.
 

Sulfiding Agent Properties

    Property
    TBPS 454
    DMS
    Sulfur %(wt)
    54
    52
    Density (lbs/gal)
    9.0
    7.11
    Freezing Point (°F)
    -54
    -145
    Boiling Point (°F)
    N/A
    99
    Flash Point
    217
    -36
    Vapor Pressure at 70°F (PSI)
    <0.1
    8.1
    Decomposition Temperature* (°F)
    320
    482
    Auto Ignition Temperature (°F)
    437
    403
    Viscosity at 70(°F) (mPa.s)
    12.8
    .285

*In the presence of H2 and Catalysts

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