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    Flexible Packaging

    As manufacturers within food, consumer goods, medical, and other markets strive towards lower cost and sustainability in transporting and storing their goods, traditional rigid packaging such as bottles and cans are being replaced in favor of flexible packaging.  This form of packaging, which is lighter in weight and can be transported in tighter volumes than its rigid counterparts, reduces transportation fuel costs and overall consumption of plastic source materials to make the packaging.

Multilayer Packaging Films

Most flexible packaging manufactured today is made of multilayer films composed of 3-12 layers.  Each of these layers provides specific functionality to the packaging, from being a barrier to oxygen and moisture to facilitating print to sealing of the package.  These are typically bonded to the adjacent layer with a laminating adhesive or heat-seal coating.  Often, the films that make up these layers are made of low surface energy plastics like polyolefins and polyesters, which can be notoriously difficult to adhere to.  When plastic film-to-film adhesion for packaging becomes a challenge, pre-treatment is necessary to ensure sufficient bonding.

Film Pretreatment

Plastic films like polyethylene, polypropylene, and PET often undergo oxidative pre-treatment such as the corona plasma process during manufacturing.  These oxidative processes initially improve surface energy and make the film more conducive to the surface adhesion of adhesives and coatings.  However, this increase in surface energy declines significantly after only a short time during storage.  Therefore, an adhesion promoter or primer can be applied to the film to ensure the plastic used in multilayer flexible packaging films continues to accept adhesion towards adhesives and coatings during and after storage.

Lupasol® P - The Ideal Primer for Packaging Films

Lupasol® P is a cationic polyethyleneimine with a branched polymer structure.


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It is an incredibly effective adhesion promoter for multilayer packaging films manufactured by coating, laminating, extrusion coating, or coextrusion.  The use of Lupasol® P between plastic film layers promotes combination of materials that improve the physical, chemical, and barrier properties of flexible packaging.

Lupasol® P Properties

    Avg. Molecular Weight
    Brookfield Viscosity
    25,000 cps
    Charge Density
    Pour Point

Usage Recommendations

Lupasol® P adhesion promoter should be diluted to 0.5-1.0% in water prior to application onto films.  Up to 30 wt% of an alcohol such as methanol, ethanol, or IPA can be added to reduce drying time and improve wettability.  The addition of a nonionic surfactant at 0.5% is also recommended to improve wetting onto low surface-energy materials.  Lupasol® P primer solutions can be applied at a rate of 1-5 grams per square meter using traditional coating methods, including dip coating, transfer roll.  Once applied to the film, Lupasol® P primer coating must be thoroughly dried before lamination or combination with other packaging films.  A warm stream of air can be used to accelerate drying time.  Once dried, the coated film can be rewound for storage, or immediately combined with other films.  A combination of the Lupasol® coated film with a topcoat should be carried out under heat (50-100°C) and pressure.  Please contact us below for more information on how Lupasol® plastic adhesion promoter can benefit your flexible packaging application.

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